What is ingress protection (IP) testing?
Anecto Test Services has a variety of equipment and processes allowing us to offer a very wide range of IP testing services.
All our processes and tests are governed by our ISO17025 accreditation.
Dust ingress testing
Dust ingress testing is classified in international standard IEC 60529 as the degrees of protection provided against the intrusion of dust in electrical enclosures that can cause contamination and corrosion. This type of test can allow for different levels of ingress such as:
- Ingress of dust is not totally prevented, but dust shall not penetrate in a sufficient quantity to interfere with satisfactory operation and safety of the product
- No dust whatsoever shall penetrate into product under test
Water ingress testing
Water ingress testing is a type of ingress protection (IP test). Water ingress testing is classified in international standard IEC 60529 as the degrees of protection provided against the intrusion of water in electrical enclosures. This type of testing can be in the form of water dripping, splashing, powerful water jets, powerful water jets at temperature, and immersion in water.
Each test mentioned is designated by its own IP code (See details of IP coding below) – Anecto has the capability to test products up to IPx9K.
|Level||Protected against||Testing for||Details|
|1||Dripping water||Dripping water (vertically falling drops) shall have no harmful effect||Test duration: 10 minutes. Water equivalent to 1 mm rainfall per minute|
|2||Dripping water when tilted up to 15°||Vertically dripping water shall have no harmful effect when the enclosure is tilted at an angle up to 15° from its normal position||Test duration: 10 minutes. Water equivalent to 3 mm rainfall per minute|
|3||Spraying water||Water falling as a spray at any angle up to 60° from the vertical shall have no harmful effect||Test duration: 5 minutes. Water volume: 0.7 liters per minute. Pressure: 80–100 kPa|
|4||Splashing of water||Water splashing against the enclosure from any direction shall have no harmful effect||Test duration: 5 minutes. Water volume: 10 liters per minute. Pressure: 80–100 kPa|
|5||Water jets||Water projected by a nozzle (6.3 mm) against enclosure from any direction shall have no harmful effects||Test duration: at least 15 minutes. Water volume: 12.5 liters per minute. Pressure: 30 kPa at distance of 3 m|
|6||Powerful water jets||Water projected in powerful jets (12.5 mm nozzle) against the enclosure from any direction shall have no harmful effects||Test duration: at least 3 minutes. Water volume: 100 liters per minute. Pressure: 100 kPa at distance of 3 m|
|7||Immersion up to 1 m||Ingress of water in harmful quantity shall not be possible when the enclosure is immersed in water under defined conditions of pressure and time (up to 1 m of submersion)||Test duration: 30 minutes. Immersion at depth of at least 1 m measured at bottom of device, and at least 15 cm measured at top of device|
|8||Immersion beyond 1 m||The equipment is suitable for continuous immersion in water under conditions which shall be specified by the manufacturer. Normally, this will mean that the equipment is hermetically sealed. However, with certain types of equipment, it can mean that water can enter but only in such a manner that it produces no harmful effects||Test duration: continuous immersion in water. Depth specified by manufacturer, generally up to 3 m|
|9k||Powerful high temperature water jets||Protected against close-range high pressure, high temperature spray downs||—|
|Level||Object size protected against||Effective against|
|0<||—||No protection against contact and ingress of objects|
|1||>50 mm||Any large surface of the body, such as the back of a hand, but no protection against deliberate contact with a body part|
|2||>12.5 mm||Fingers or similar objects|
|3||>2.5 mm||Tools, thick wires, etc.|
|4||>1 mm||Most wires, screws, etc.|
|5||Dust protected||Ingress of dust is not entirely prevented, but it must not enter in sufficient quantity to interfere with the satisfactory operation of the equipment; complete protection against contact (dust proof)|
|6||Dust tight||No ingress of dust; complete protection against contact (dust tight)|